Food as Medicine Beets (Beta vulgaris, Chenopodiaceae)

Beets were first cultivated in the Mediterranean region and have a history of use that dates back over 4,000 years.5 Modern cultivated beets are descendants from a wild plant called the sea beet (B. vulgaris subsp. maritima), which grew wild in North Africa and on the Mediterranean coast.1 Initially, humans consumed only the greens, and the root was used for medicinal purposes or animal fodder.